The human body consists of various glands which help in the proper functioning of the body. One of the largest and most important glands is the thyroid gland. It regulates the rate of metabolism of the body through the secretion of two hormones namely thyroxine (T3) and triiodothyronine (T4). Apart from these two hormones it also secretes hormones like calcitonine and calcium homeostasis.
At times the thyroid gland stops functioning properly which results in two kinds of disorders namely hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. Both of these disorders creates massive imbalance in the hormonal level of the human body. The thyroid gland is the center of the endocrine glands system. Its functioning is interrelated with various other organs.
In most women the working of the thyroid gland is affected by the onset of menopause. It has been observed that the symptoms of thyroid are almost identical to that of menopause. Menopause is the result of the failing of the ovaries which are a part of the endocrine system.
In millions of women the thyroid disease remains undetected due to the similarities in the symptoms of menopause and thyroid. The symptoms of thyroid become more vivid during the onset of menopause due to the imbalance of hormone brought about by menopause.
Detection of hypothyroidism in women of 30 or 40 years of age is an indication of their premenopausal condition. Menopause triggers an imbalance in the level of estrogen and progesterone which in turn affects the level of various other hormones leading to development of thyroid disorder.
There are many symptoms which are very similar in both the conditions namely exhaustion, poor memory, mood swings, depressions, sleep disorder, hair loss, increased anxiety level- These similarities in symptoms make it rather difficult to differentiate between the thyroid disease and menopause. But there are certain symptoms which differentiates one condition from the other.
If a woman experiences loss of hair from eyelashes and eyebrows, if there is an experience of pain in the neck region, swelling in the hands and legs, it is more likely to be the symptoms of thyroid. On the contrary if a woman experiences hot flashes, dryness in the vaginal tract it is a strong indication of the onset of menopause.
It is very important to distinguish between thyroid disease and menopause because thought the symptoms are almost similar the cure for both is vastly different from one another.